“A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed”
“…the right of the people…”. Yeah, that is what it says, “the people”. Not the State, not the military, not the police and not even the U.S. Government. Nope, this right is reserved for “the people”. “WE THE PEOPLE…”. “…of, for and by the people.”.
“…to keep …”. Hold or retain in one’s possession. Not to request to keep, pay a fine or a fee or tax to keep, or fill out the right forms, but simply “to keep”.
“..and bear…”. To carry or equip oneself with. Not lock up or store away. Or contract away your right for a piece of paper from the state that says you can bear.
“…Arms…”. Anything one might use in ones defense. Guns, knives, swords, cannons, thermonuclear warheads. Or rocks.
“…shall not be infringed.”. Any law that would in any way deter anyone from owning any “arm” for any reason is a blatant violation of this right. There can exist NO law that would require you to register your arms. NO law that requires a fee or tax for your arms. NO law whatsoever that would prohibit any citizen of the U.S. from owning and carrying in whatever manner they chose the arm of their choice out of fear of reprisal.
“A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free state…”. I have seen this used to say that the 2nd Amendment is for Militias. But it doesn’t say anyone who does chose to exercise their right to “keep and bear” has to join the Militia, just that one is necessary for a free state. It allows an armed populace that can chose to fight to defend their freedom but never makes it mandatory. It is never a stipulation but a statement to the fact that an armed people are more ready to defend the state than an unarmed one.